|Name||Tissue||Type of pathologies|
|Acute and chronic muscle aches and pain||Muscle||Pain management|
|Acute and chronic cervical and lumbar pain||Muscle||Idiopathic cervical and low back pain|
|Acute and chronic soft tissue wounds||Skin||Wounds|
|Calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Chronic distal biceps tendinopathy||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Chronic proximal hamstring tendinopathy||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Diseases secondary to trigger points and myofascial Pain||Muscle||Myofascial pain syndrome|
|Greater trochanteric pain syndrome||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Insertional Achilles tendinopathy||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Medial tibial stress syndrome||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Mid-body Achilles tendinopathy||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Osgood-Schlatter disease||Bone||Disturbance of musculoskeletal development|
|Patella tip syndrome||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Primary and secondary lymphedema||Skin||Lymphedema|
|Primary long bicipital tenosynovitis||Tendons||Tendinitis|
|Proliferative connective tissue disorders||Connective tissue||Fibrosis|
|Spasticity||Central nervous system||Cerebral palsy and stroke|
|Subacromial pain syndrome||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Trigger points||Muscle||Myofascial pain syndrome|
Golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylitis) is an overuse tendinopathy that shares many similarities with tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis). Typical activities that are associated with a higher risk of developing golfer’s elbow are racquet sports, throwing sports, golfing, archery, weight lifting and bowling.
The clinical diagnosis of golfer’s elbow is based on tenderness on palpation of the medial epicondyle, as well as pain on the medial area of the elbow joint when resistance is generated by flexion and pronation of the wrist joint.
Eccentric exercises have become very important in conservative treatment of golfer’s elbow. An attractive alternative is extracorporeal shock wave therapy. In most circumstances, injections of corticosteroids should not be used. This is due to the fact that corticosteroids may lead to very good results in the short term (six weeks) but were demonstrated to be harmful in the longer term (more than three months).
Surgery should only be considered when conservative treatment fails.
Lee et al., Ann Rehab Med 2012;36:681-687
Effectiveness of Initial Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy on the Newly Diagnosed Lateral or Medial EpicondylitisREAD ABSTRACT
|STANDARD TREATMENT||MYOFASCIAL THERAPY|
|Number of treatment sessions||3 to 5||3 to 5|
|Interval between two sessions||1 week||1 week|
|Air pressure Evo Blue®||1.5 to 3 bar||3 to 4 bar|
|Air pressure Power+||Not recommended||Not recommended|
|Impulses||2000 on the painful spot||2000|
|Frequency||8Hz to 12Hz||12Hz to 20Hz|
|Skin pressure||Light||Light to moderate|
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