|Name||Tissue||Type of pathologies|
|Acute and chronic muscle aches and pain||Muscle||Pain management|
|Acute and chronic cervical and lumbar pain||Muscle||Idiopathic cervical and low back pain|
|Acute and chronic soft tissue wounds||Skin||Wounds|
|Calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Chronic distal biceps tendinopathy||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Chronic proximal hamstring tendinopathy||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Diseases secondary to trigger points and myofascial Pain||Muscle||Myofascial pain syndrome|
|Greater trochanteric pain syndrome||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Insertional Achilles tendinopathy||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Medial tibial stress syndrome||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Mid-body Achilles tendinopathy||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Osgood-Schlatter disease||Bone||Disturbance of musculoskeletal development|
|Patella tip syndrome||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Primary and secondary lymphedema||Skin||Lymphedema|
|Primary long bicipital tenosynovitis||Tendons||Tendinitis|
|Proliferative connective tissue disorders||Connective tissue||Fibrosis|
|Spasticity||Central nervous system||Cerebral palsy and stroke|
|Subacromial pain syndrome||Tendons||Tendinopathy|
|Trigger points||Muscle||Myofascial pain syndrome|
The most common causes of muscle pain are tension, stress, overuse and minor injuries.
According to Müller-Wohlfahrt et al. (Muscle Injuries in Sports; Thieme, 2013) these conditions are summarized as overexertation-related muscle disorders (Type 1), a subgroup of the functional muscle disorders, and comprise fatigue-induced muscle disorders (Type 1a) and delayed-onset muscle soreness (Type 1b). These disorders must be carefully differentiated from structural muscle injury (Type 3 and 4), comprising partial muscle tears (Type 3) and subtotal/complete muscle tear or tendinous avulsion (Type 4), as well as from direct muscle injuries comprising contusion and laceration.
Prevention comprises warm-up before exercise and stretching when muscles are warmed up; treatment options comprise ice and heat (to increase blood flow to the painful area) as well as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID).
Clinical trials confirming the effectiveness and safety of radial shock wave therapy (RSWT®) using the Swiss DolorClast® for acute and chronic muscle aches and pain with no pathological correlate of injuries are currently underway. Preliminary evidence indicating that RSWT® is effective and safe in the treatment of acute and chronic muscle aches and pain with no pathological correlate of injuries is based on anecdotal reports by many users of RSWT®.READ ABSTRACT
|Number of treatment sessions||3 to 5|
|Interval between two sessions||1 week|
|Air pressure Evo Blue®||2.5 to 4 bar|
|Air pressure Power+||2 to 4 bar|
|Impulses||2,000 to 3,000 on the muscle|
|Frequency||8Hz to 12Hz|
|Applicator||15 mm or 36 mm|
|Skin pressure||Light to moderate|
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